Sibiu was initially a Daco-Roman city called Cedonia. The town was refounded by Saxon (German) settlers brought there by king Géza II. They came from territories of the Holy Roman Empire and Kingdom of France (nowadays parts of Germany, France and the Benelux countries) and arrived at around 1147.
The first references to the area were Cibinium and Cipin from 1191 when Pope Celestine III confirmed the existence of the free prepositure of the Saxons in Transylvania, having its headquarters in Sibiu. The city also used the names Prepositus Cibiniensis (1192-1196) and Prepositus Scibiniensis (1211). In 1223, it was renamed to Villa Hermanni, either in honor of archbishopHermann II of Cologne or after a man who is believed to have founded the city, Hermann of Nuremberg. The actual German name of Hermannstadt (“Hermann’s city”) dates from 1366, while an earlier form, Hermannsdorf (“Hermann’s village”) was recorded in 1321.
Sibiu was nicknamed The City with Eyes, the city is a well-known tourist destination for both domestic and foreign visitors.
Known for its culture, history, gastronomy and its diverse architecture, which includes its much iconic houses with eyes that gave Sibiu its nickname, the city has been getting much attention since the beginning of the 21st century.
In 2004, its historical center has begun the process of becoming a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Sibiu was designated the European Capital of Culture in 2007. One year later, it was ranked “Europe’s 8th-most idyllic place to live” by Forbes. In 2019, Sibiu was named the European Region of Gastronomy, while in 2020 it was designated “Europe’s sixth best tourist destination”.
Sibiu will host the European Wandering Capital event in 2021, the most important tourist wandering event in Europe.
A European Union summit was hosted by the city in 2019.
Sibiu is also known for its Christmas market. Personalities include Conrad Haas and Hermann Oberth, who were pioneers of rocketry. The company Elrond, which created the eGold cryptocurrency (among the biggest in the world), was founded by people from Sibiu.
As of 2011, the city has a population of 147,245, while a 2019 estimate puts it at 169,056. The proposed Sibiu metropolitan area has a population of 267,170. The city also administers the village of Păltiniș, a ski resort located 35 kilometres to the south.